A Position Statement Update has been produced by The American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM) on Blood-Borne Pathogens.
Many significant advances in scientific and clinical research have been made for the understanding of blood-borne pathogens (BBPs). These pathogens basically include the hepatitis C virus (HCV), the hepatitis D virus (HDV) and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and also some other diseases.
“This update highlights the tremendous advancements made in the understanding of blood-borne pathogens and athletic participation in the 20-plus years since the first AMSSM statement on this topic,” said the lead author, Mr. Christopher McGrew. “Exercise has been found to have many positive health effects for those living with BBPs and athletes should be encouraged in all aspects of participation in their sports.”
The spreading of BBPs was proposed as a potential concern in athletic participation. There are no proper reports regarding the transmission of HIV, HDV, or HCV during sport. Furthermore, there is no proof for the universal testing for BBPs as a certain requirement for partaking in sports.
All athletes should follow proper public health agency suggestions for the screening for BBPs, and consider their particular risk factors and exposures.
“These guidelines reflect the current standard of care as well as the identification of areas for future research,” said the AMSSM President, Mr. Chad Asplund. “They represent a significant tool for sports medicine physicians that take care of athletes, which will allow for more athletes to participate and for safer participation.”
Physical participation also helps in promoting a healthier lifestyle for people living with BBPs. People who are suffering from acute symptomatic BBP should try to limit their exercise intensity depending on their current status of health.
“Current state-of-the-art BBP treatments can markedly extend lifespans to near normal and, in the case of HCV, result in cures,” Mr. McGrew also said. “The authors hope that this document will serve as useful guide for all providers who care for those living with BBPs.”